Bramlett, M.D. and Radel, L.F. – 2014
Analysis of data on adverse family experiences among children in nonparental care. Presents background on the issue of adverse childhood experiences and summarizes study methodology. Results show that children with no biological parents in the household have the most adverse experiences, followed by one parent, and two parents. Adverse family experiences include alcohol/drug problems, mentally ill caregiver, caregiver violence/incarceration, and neighborhood violence. Rates of exposure to substance abuse among children in nonparental care are particularly high. Exposure to adverse experiences is also broken down by type of nonparental caregiver (foster care, grandparents, and other). Notes that children in foster care are more likely to experience the most adverse experiences. Reports that children in nonparental care are vulnerable to poor well-being outcomes.