Walker, M.J., Al-Sahab, B., Islam, F., and Tamim, H. – 2011
Results of a Canadian study on the prevalence and predictors of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Provides background on the negative effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in children. Analysis of data from a maternal health survey shows that over 10% of Canadian mothers consume alcohol during pregnancy (at mostly low to moderate levels). Risk factors for alcohol consumption during pregnancy include being married, age, and cigarette smoking. Negative or indifferent feelings about the pregnancy also increase the likelihood of drinking. Protective factors include immigrant status/cultural affiliation and province of residence. Concludes that targeted interventions are needed to address alcohol use during pregnancy among high-risk groups.