Niccols, A., Milligan, K., Sword, W., et at. – 2012
A review of studies on parenting outcomes among mothers in substance abuse treatment. Provides an overview of the negative impact of maternal drug and alcohol use on children, noting that 70% of women in substance abuse treatment are mothers. Authors examined studies on treatment of mothers and pregnant women containing parenting outcome information. Women who participated in integrated treatment programs experienced improved parent-child attachment and lower child maltreatment rates as compared to those in traditional treatment. Residential programs and programs with maternal mental health and parenting intervention services are particularly associated with improved parenting skills and capacity.