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National Institute on Drug Abuse Research Report Series – 2014

An overview of heroin use, its consequences, and available treatment options. Describes what heroin is and how it is used. Presents data on the rise of heroin use in the U.S., particularly among youth. Outlines the effects of heroin on users, and explains the short and long-term effects of heroin use. Notes that prescription drug abuse often leads to heroin use. Discusses the medical complications of long-term heroin use, including the link between heroin use and HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C. Provides an overview of the dangers of heroin use by pregnant women, including neonatal abstinence syndrome in the baby. Discusses medication treatment options for pregnant women and newborns. Also discusses the use of Naloxone in reversing the effects of opioid overdose. Outlines the pharmacological and behavioral treatment options for heroin addiction. Includes a glossary of relevant terms.