Prevent Child Abuse America
A fact sheet on emotional child abuse, which can include verbal abuse, withholding praise and affection, exposure to family violence and substance abuse, and threatening behaviors. Notes that this type of abuse is sometimes hard to identify and lists some child behaviors which can indicate emotional abuse, such as aggression, lack of self-confidence, fear, and withdrawal. Perpetrators of emotional abuse could suffer from mental health issues, drug/alcohol abuse, and health or socioeconomic stressors. Long term consequences to children include serious emotional and psychological problems. Provides advice on intervention and prevention strategies.